Building Localised Seamonkey (and probably Firefox too)
Surprisingly, the information on how to build a localised version of Firefox from source is very thin - especially from a release-build version. This article documents my findings to build one for Seamonkey successfully (the instructions for Firefox is nearly identical - it is left as an exercise for the reader).
First, you need to be able to build Seamonkey successfully. There are many ways of doing it but the one that I find easy to follow is the one from Beyond Linux from Scratch (BLFS), linked below in the reference section below (it is at Seamonkey version 2.19 at the moment, but as it is a live copy from SVN it will be updated from time to time).
Once you're familiar with that, you need to adjust the build instruction slightly and then get the localisation tarball. This tarball will contain all the needed location information for your locale. It is imperative that you get the correct tarball or you will encounter significant grief later: there are many irrelevant and incorrect information of getting this tarball, especially for release-build version of Firefoxes and Seamonkeys.
Lastly, just before you build the final binary tarball, you need to modify the package manifest. Many (including the locale I'm using, en-GB), do not come with dictionaries than thus they need to be excluded from the packaging process.
The Steps: Building localised Seamonkey 2.19 for en-GB locale.
Notice the URL pattern, play with it to get other versions.
This is a bit complicated. First, look in here: https://hg.mozilla.org/releases/l10n/mozilla-release/ and choose your locale (I choose en-GB). Clicking en-GB there will bring me to this page (obviously): https://hg.mozilla.org/releases/l10n/mozilla-release/en-GB/
Scroll down a bit to branches header, and just before it you will see three dots (meaning, show me more of these tags stuff ). Click it. For en-GB that will bring me to here: https://hg.mozilla.org/releases/l10n/mozilla-release/en-GB/tags
Now you've got a chockful of tags to choose. For me, I will choose the tag SEAMONKEY_2_19_RELEASE because that's the Seamonkey version I'm going to build. Clicking on that tag will bring me to here: https://hg.mozilla.org/releases/l10n/mozilla-release/en-GB/rev/41ddbe5f4e8f
On this page, near the top, click the "bz2" header (the URL of that link for me is https://hg.mozilla.org/releases/l10n/mozilla-release/en-GB/archive/41ddbe5f4e8f.tar.bz2 . That will prompt you to download a bzip2 tarball, and that's the tarball you need.
Now extract the seamonkey tarball. You can extract it anywhere with enough
disk space in it (the build process will end up using 1.4 GB of disk space
for both source and building - not including temporary disk space it may
consume). When you're done extracting, there will be a
directory in it. Now
cd to that directory.
comm-release directory, extract the locale tarball.
You will get a directory named with the locale folllowed by some number
en-GB-41ddbe5f4e8f), so rename it to the locale only (
in this example).
comm-release directory, create a file named
with the following contents. Adjust the parameters as you need, if you want
to see the meaning of these parameters (or see other options), just run
./configure --help from inside
# If you have a multicore machine you can speed up the build by running # several jobs at once, but if you have a single core, delete this line: mk_add_options MOZ_MAKE_FLAGS="-j$(getconf _NPROCESSORS_ONLN)" # If you have installed Yasm delete this option: ac_add_options --disable-webm # If you have installed DBus-Glib delete this option: ac_add_options --disable-dbus # If you have installed wireless-tools delete this option: ac_add_options --disable-necko-wifi # If you have installed libnotify delete this option: ac_add_options --disable-libnotify # Uncomment these if you have installed them: # ac_add_options --enable-startup-notification # ac_add_options --enable-system-hunspell # ac_add_options --enable-system-sqlite # ac_add_options --with-system-libevent # ac_add_options --with-system-libvpx # ac_add_options --with-system-nspr # ac_add_options --with-system-nss mk_add_options MOZ_OBJDIR=@TOPSRCDIR@/moz-build-dir ac_add_options --disable-crashreporter ac_add_options --disable-debug ac_add_options --disable-debug-symbols ac_add_options --disable-installer ac_add_options --disable-static ac_add_options --disable-tests ac_add_options --disable-updater ac_add_options --enable-application=suite ac_add_options --enable-shared ac_add_options --enable-system-ffi ac_add_options --prefix=/usr ac_add_options --with-pthreads ac_add_options --with-system-jpeg ac_add_options --with-system-png ac_add_options --with-system-zlib ac_add_options --with-l10n-base=.. ac_add_options --enable-ui-locale=en-GB
Pay attention to the last two lines and the MOZ_OBJDIR.
- MOZ_OBJ_DIR says that the build directory (where your object files
and final binaries will be located) will be in a directory named
moz-build-dirinside the @TOPSRCDIR@, which is
comm-release. That directory doesn't exist yet, but don't worry Mozilla build system will create that for you.
- --with-l10n-base defines there your localisation files will be
located. It should point at the directory that contains the directories
of your localisation files, and since you expanded it inside
comm-release, it should point to
comm-release. But here's another thing - you can also specify this directory relative from your MOZ_OBJ_DIR directory, and since
comm-releaseis the parent of moz-build-dir, we can also specify .. (two dots) there.
- --enable-ui-locale - no explanation needed, obvious enough.
To build Seamonkey, launch
make -f client.mk from the
directory. Go out, exercise, have coffe, or whatever,
it will take hours to build (around 2 hours on my x86_64, and 15 hours on
When the build is finished, you need to package it. Before you package it,
you need to edit the
package-manifest file (the file that determines
what goes inside the package). Many locales (including en-GB) do not have
dictionaries, so let's exclude them from now; otherwise the package will
fail to build.
bin/dict/* entry, and comment it out by putting a semicolon in front of it.
Then you can build your installer (launching it from
directory) by typing
make -C moz-build-dir/suite/installer.
When the build process finishes, your shiny new browser will be located
moz-build-dir/mozilla/dist, with name like seamonkey-2.19.en-GB.*.tar.bz2
(name varies according to platform). Just extract this binary tarball to
/usr/lib/seamonkey and them symlink
/usr/bin and your new localised browser is good to go.
- Building Firefox (Beyond Linux from Scratch)
- Localisation repository
- en-GB locale repository
- en-GB locale for Seamonkey 2.19 repository
- Compiling a localised Firefox?
- Slackbuild script for building localised Firefox
- Localizing with Mercurial
- Building (localised) Firefox from source